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IOS - 訪問地圖

簡介

地圖總是幫助我們找到地方。地圖整合到 iOS MapKit框架工作。

 

涉及的步驟

1. 創建一個簡單的應用程序

2. 選擇項目文件,然後選擇目標,添加MapKit.framework

3. 我們還應該加上Corelocation.framework

4.添加一個IBOutlet ViewController.xib 創建一個MapView,並將它命名為MapView類

5. 現在創建一個新的文件,通過選擇 File-> New -> File... -> select Objective C 類然後點擊下一步

6. 命名類名為 MapAnnotation 並繼承自 NSObject

7. 選擇創建

8. 更新內容 MapAnnotation.h 如下

#import <Foundation/Foundation.h>
#import <MapKit/MapKit.h>

@interface MapAnnotation : NSObject<MKAnnotation>
@property (nonatomic, strong) NSString *title;
@property (nonatomic, readwrite) CLLocationCoordinate2D coordinate;

- (id)initWithTitle:(NSString *)title andCoordinate:
  (CLLocationCoordinate2D)coordinate2d;

@end

9. 現在更新 MapAnnotation.m 如下

#import "MapAnnotation.h"

@implementation MapAnnotation
-(id)initWithTitle:(NSString *)title andCoordinate:
 (CLLocationCoordinate2D)coordinate2d{    
    self.title = title;
    self.coordinate =coordinate2d;
    return self;
}
@end

11. 現在更新 ViewController.h 如下

#import <UIKit/UIKit.h>
#import <MapKit/MapKit.h>
#import <CoreLocation/CoreLocation.h>
@interface ViewController : UIViewController<MKMapViewDelegate>
{
    MKMapView *mapView;
}
@end

12. 現在更新 ViewController.m 如下

#import "ViewController.h"
#import "MapAnnotation.h"

@interface ViewController ()

@end

@implementation ViewController

- (void)viewDidLoad
{
   [super viewDidLoad];
   mapView = [[MKMapView alloc]initWithFrame:
   CGRectMake(10, 100, 300, 300)];
   mapView.delegate = self;
   mapView.centerCoordinate = CLLocationCoordinate2DMake(37.32, -122.03);
   mapView.mapType = MKMapTypeHybrid;
   CLLocationCoordinate2D location;
   location.latitude = (double) 37.332768;
   location.longitude = (double) -122.030039;
   // Add the annotation to our map view
   MapAnnotation *newAnnotation = [[MapAnnotation alloc]
   initWithTitle:@"Apple Head quaters" andCoordinate:location];
   [mapView addAnnotation:newAnnotation];
   CLLocationCoordinate2D location2;
   location2.latitude = (double) 37.35239;
   location2.longitude = (double) -122.025919;
   MapAnnotation *newAnnotation2 = [[MapAnnotation alloc] 
   initWithTitle:@"Test annotation" andCoordinate:location2];
   [mapView addAnnotation:newAnnotation2];
   [self.view addSubview:mapView];
}
// When a map annotation yiibai is added, zoom to it (1500 range)
- (void)mapView:(MKMapView *)mv didAddAnnotationViews:(NSArray *)views
{
   MKAnnotationView *annotationView = [views objectAtIndex:0];
   id <MKAnnotation> mp = [annotationView annotation];
   MKCoordinateRegion region = MKCoordinateRegionMakeWithDistance
   ([mp coordinate], 1500, 1500);
   [mv setRegion:region animated:YES];
   [mv selectAnnotation:mp animated:YES];
}

- (void)didReceiveMemoryWarning
{
    [super didReceiveMemoryWarning];
    // Dispose of any resources that can be recreated.
}

@end

輸出

現在,當我們運行程序時,我們會得到的輸出如下所示。

iOS Tutorial

當我們地圖滾動起來,如下圖所示,我們將得到的輸出。

iOS Tutorial